In a recent report by the World Economic Forum, Lagos, the bustling economic hub of Nigeria, has been ranked second among the list of sinking cities that could potentially vanish by the year 2100.
Topping the list is Jakarta, Indonesia, which is experiencing a rapid sinking rate of 6.7 inches per year, primarily attributed to extensive groundwater pumping. Lagos follows closely behind, sinking at a rate of 0.3 inches per year, while also grappling with the imminent threat of coastal erosion.
The study, conducted in collaboration with the World of Statistics, sheds light on the alarming trend that poses significant challenges to these coastal metropolises. Houston in Texas, USA, also finds itself on the list, sinking at a rate of 0.2 inches per year and contending with the added peril of hurricanes.
The sinking cities report expands beyond the top three to include Dhaka, Bangladesh, Venice, Italy, Virginia Beach, Virginia, Bangkok, Thailand, New Orleans, Louisiana, Rotterdam, Netherlands, and Alexandria, Egypt.
Experts warn that factors such as excessive groundwater pumping, coastal erosion, and the threat of natural disasters are contributing to the gradual submersion of these cities. Jakarta’s sinking rate, attributed to groundwater issues, stands out as a critical concern, while Lagos grapples with both sinking and coastal erosion challenges.
As these cities face an uncertain future, discussions on sustainable urban development and proactive measures to address environmental threats are likely to gain prominence on the global stage. The report serves as a stark reminder of the urgent need for comprehensive strategies to safeguard coastal cities from the impacts of climate change and anthropogenic activities.